Two week update

Salutations! It’s still rainy over here, but I’m not complaining and neither is the garden. Here is a quick update now that it’s been two full weeks since I planted the garden. Take a moment to catch up on that post, if you haven’t already. I also talked about rain barrels last week.

So far, I am not seeing anything that I clearly recognize to be squash, melon, or beet. I would say that I just haven’t been able to grow anything from seed in there yet, but I saw a few sunflower sprouts popping up. Yay! You may already know that I REALLY like to grow sunflowers.

The tomatoes and peppers are all doing fabulously, having grown a few inches already. The rhubarb is still the star of the show right now, ready for harvest any time I go out there and cut it down.

My herbs have all sprouted and I find myself outside looking at how cute and tiny they are, daydreaming about how lovely they will be fully grown. The dill that I transplanted has some red leaves, so I will be researching for a future blog post. Please feel free to leave a comment if you have some insight on dill turning red.

And now for the photos…

So. much. rhubarb.

So. much. rhubarb.

Tomatoes looking cute and innocent now

Tomatoes looking cute and innocent now

Two weeks progress of cherry and pear tomatoes (left), peppers (right)

Two weeks progress of cherry and pear tomatoes (left), peppers (right)

Herb sprouts: (From top) cilantro, oregano, parsley, basil

Herb sprouts: (From top) cilantro, oregano, parsley, basil

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Rainy day solution

The plopping of rain has been a pretty common sound around here lately, and I love it! Lightning has always seemed to have a positive effect on plant growth, based on my observations. Not having to pay for water or even do the work is also pretty nice– I can sit back and relax, trusting that nature is doing its thing. Luckily, my Papa had these large barrels on hand to catch some of the precipitation we’ve been getting. Conservation in action!

We got some rain over the weekend

We got some rain over the weekend

Here’s the problem, you’re probably already thinking it. Those things look like the perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes. And it’s true. Something needed to be done, and quickly. After a quick internet search, I discovered that vegetable oil would be the easiest option I could implement immediately. I poured around a half cup of vegetable oil into each drum.

After researching my options, I decided to go with mosquito dunks, which are a biological mosquito control method for organic production. Essentially, there are strains of insecticidal bacteria in these doughnut-shaped cakes that float in the water. They kill off the mosquito larvae and I’m a much happier gardener because of it.

At this point, we’ve had so much rain that the barrels are completely full… not exactly a problem I ever faced in Phoenix! In the picture below, you can see the floating mosquito dunks as well as some of the residue from the vegetable oil.

Full rain barrels with mosquito dunks

Full rain barrels with mosquito dunks

The next project I need to complete is covering these barrels. Someone on my Instagram account suggested I use galvanized iron. The barrels need to have a secure cover, inlet screen, and overflow discharge in order to be in compliance with the city ordinances. I am happy the mosquito concern has been addressed and now I will tackle those small but important legal details. But first time to dance in the rain– Cheers!

Back in the garden in 2018

Greetings! This year I finally found myself ready to commit to having a backyard garden (and blog) again, and I’m so glad to be sharing it! There are two areas I will be using. The first is a long strip between the house and sidewalk; the second area is at the back of the yard and has a more square shape. These garden plots have been tended by my Papa for the past 40-something years and they are the first place I learned what gardening was all about. *Cue the magical, feel-good music*

Future tomato garden

Future tomato garden

Backyard garden ready for planting

Backyard garden ready for planting… thanks to my dad for tilling the soil!

The Plants

Those of you who have followed my previous gardens know that I have a tendency to jump in with a lot of ambition when it comes to choosing plants to grow. This time, I decided to use a bit of restraint and select a few plants to grow in my own backyard. My parents have a really big garden, so I don’t have to look far for some of the other produce I enjoy.

To begin our gardens, my dad and I visited a local nursery owned by one of his friends. I picked up 5 Early Girl tomato transplants at Papa’s request, along with a yellow pear tomato and a cherry tomato for myself. When I lived in Phoenix, smaller tomatoes always did really well and I would consider them a staple in my gardens. I used to have problems with thirsty desert birds attacking the seeds inside full-size tomatoes, but thankfully that is not an issue here in Milwaukee.

In addition to the tomatoes, I also planted a jalapeno pepper and a sweet pepper. As seen in the photo above, there are a few well-established rhubarb plants next to the garden. They take very little maintenance and mostly just need to be harvested.

I found an unopened package with Greyzini Squash and Sugar Baby Watermelon seeds from a few years ago, so I decided to wing it and see if any of those sprout. Because they are older seeds, it’s a bit of a gamble and I don’t have my hopes set on their success. I also picked up beet seeds– another favorite of mine so into the garden they went.

Herbs

I reused the plastic trays from my nursery plants to start seeds for my herbs: basil, parsley, oregano, and cilantro. Last summer I made a really feeble attempt at putting some seeds in the garden alongside my grandpa’s tomatoes, but the weeds took over and it was a complete failure. Having learned from that mistake, I’m keeping the herbs separate from the big garden. On the side of the garage, I discovered wild dill growing. My grandma used to grow it over a decade ago, so it was really meaningful to find that essence of her still in the garden. I scooped up a few dill plants to put with the rest of the herbs.

The Soil

The first thing I noticed is how different the soil is here, compared to what I’ve worked with in the past (obviously). I realized I don’t actually know that much about Midwestern gardening because all my experience is in the low desert! Going back 20+ years ago to Mrs. Walder’s Wisconsin history lessons, I somehow recalled that we have an official state soil known as Antigo Silt Loam. The Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey goes into more detail here if you’re interested in the various soil regions of Wisconsin.

Planting Tomatoes

The basis of my gardening knowledge comes from a combination of trial-and-error experience, internet research, and tips passed on through the years from family members. My grandpa taught me to always plant tomatoes deeply, so 3/4 of the plant is buried. This helps strengthen the root system– new roots grow from the buried branches! I actually buried this tomato plant just a bit deeper than is shown in the first photo, but it gives a good idea.

Tomato transplant before 3/4 buried

Tomato transplant before 3/4 buried

Tomato transplant with 3/4 buried

Tomato transplant with 3/4 buried

So that’s what I’m working with! It’s funny to think that it’s June and I’m just starting the garden past Memorial Day. There was a problem with the tiller machine and erratic weather (including a late Spring snowstorm!) preventing me from working the soil sooner; a HUGE thanks to my dad for tilling the garden and making this possible. Now that everything is in the ground, the rest is mostly a matter of sunshine and water. I hope you follow the journey!

In related news, I created a Facebook page and went live for my first time (eek!) while planting the garden, and will be posting content there and on my Instagram page (@cuppadirt). I look forward to the gardening adventures awaiting and would love to hear about yours in the comments!

Worm Alert

As a child, I picked up the adage “April showers bring May flowers.” Over the past week, the rainfall here in Milwaukee certainly did its best to ensure this phrase lives up to its reputation. Bright patches of chartreuse have popped up all over outside, fresh buds have formed on trees, and my Mom’s tulips show every intention of surviving the erratic Spring weather to grace us with their beautiful blooms. Nature is awake and dancing with vibrant energy.

When the rain cleared up and we were granted two beautiful weekend days, I did as many others– I jumped at the opportunity to take a walk in the sunshine. Friends, this is where my walk became fraught with sadness. You see, while we humans were hiding inside or darting between shelters to avoid the downpour, the worms rejoiced in their opportunity to enjoy nature as well.

Don't fear the worm.

Don’t fear the worm.

All gardeners know that healthy soil composition is key to a successful growing season, and no outdoor creature is as beneficial as the earthworm. Worms loosen up soil; mix subsoil in with topsoil; and eat things such as bacteria, fungi, nematodes, and protozoans, while releasing nitrogen-rich organic material that enriches the soil. Their skin must stay damp in order for them to move; when it rains, they can cover more ground and explore greener pastures. The sunlight paralyzes worms rather quickly (I often felt the same way in Phoenix summers) and when they dry out, they die. Suffice it to say, we didn’t have many worms in Phoenix.

Back to my walk. Maybe the worms were drunk on rainwater. Perhaps they didn’t see the weather forecast. Whatever the reason, the worms didn’t go back underground when the sidewalk puddles dried up. Do you see where this is headed?

Warning: The following image may be shocking. Proceed with care.

So many worms, so much death.

So many worms, so much death.

Yes, that’s right. Hundreds of dead worms dried up on the sidewalks. Graphic, disturbing aftermath on just about every square of sidewalk. It’s a scene about which even the robins cannot be happy.

This is a call to action. If you see a worm displaced after a storm, please help it reach safer turf. They do much to help us as gardeners– it’s the least we can do to help them stay alive.

What is a Garden?

Today, I’d like nothing more than to be outside working in the garden. I imagine the warm glow of the sun reaching across the sky and giving me a pat on the back. Last year at this time, I had already begun harvesting from a few plants, but that was in Phoenix. The reality of the situation here in Milwaukee, however, is nowhere near as warm or fuzzy. Overnight, a dusting of snow blanketed the yards. The sun has already begun sending its rays down to melt the offensive chill. Even with this bit of encouragement from above, outside, it’s a sobering 25* F but feels like 12* when factoring the wind chill (and we always factor in the wind chill). In Celsius, it’s -4* (feels like -11*). Caring for a garden is an extreme lesson in patience that modern living has disrupted. I don’t want to wait, I want to start yesterday!

Instead, I have decided to put my energy into learning more about this concept, its history, and its place in modern society. In short, tending the garden of my mind. What is a garden, after all? What is its purpose? The Wikipedia page for garden types lists more than 100 different garden styles spanning various countries of origin, historical empires, religious purposes, levels of formality, cultural practices, and more. Perhaps my favorite incarnation of a garden is the “kindergarten,” a German compound word. Isn’t it lovely to think of children growing their brilliant young minds from the nurturing care and attention of formative early education?

The Definition

For this blog post, I will consider a garden as a noun. Although the word also has use as a verb and adjective, these ultimately stem from its position as a noun (kind of like how “Google” became a verb because it was first a noun). The Dictionary.com Unabridged definition from Random House, Inc. describes the term “garden” as:

1. a plot of ground, usually near a house, where flowers, shrubs, vegetables, fruits, or herbs are cultivated.

2. a piece of ground or other space, commonly with ornamental plants, trees, etc., used as a park or other public recreation area: a public garden.

3. a fertile and delightful spot or region.

Basically, this says a garden can be anything! It can be intentional or sporadic, private or public, functional or aesthetic. What an empowering thought.

Clipart from http://www.clipartpanda.com/clipart_images/com-planting-seeds-htm-45232353

A Brief History

Food is a basic necessity of life. Our early ancestors, hunter-gatherers, relied on nature to provide sustenance. To them, the whole world was a garden. When something wasn’t in front of them, they didn’t stop until they found what they needed to survive. Have you ever walked around in nature, noticed a wild plant resembling something you eat, felt a twinge in your stomach, and wondered if this is also edible? Perhaps you pulled out a field guide for identifying edible wild plants; these resources were obviously unavailable several thousands of years ago. I pause to wonder how common accidental poisonings were back then.

Gradually, a transition occurred known as the Neolithic/Agrarian/Agricultural Revolution (take your pick as to which term you’d like to use). These groups of people became more sedentary than their predecessors, more content to develop tools and methods for cultivating the land and raising livestock. Their view of what a garden encompasses became a bit more focused. From these developments arose great civilizations, which led us to present time (essentially… with quite a bit in between).

Along the way, populations increased, specialties were honed, and industrialization changed everything. Fewer people cultivated their own gardens, content with allowing others of more experience or desire to handle food matters while they developed other pursuits. The personal connection with food as sustenance was married to food as an emotional connection. Instead of being something to give you energy, it could also be there to comfort you during a difficult time or enhance celebration of a good time. In many cultures, sharing meals draws people together. Having bountiful food available also became a status symbol– the wealthier you were, the more food you could afford. In meager economic times, physical ideals skewed toward voluptuous shapes exuding health, while being extremely thin was perceived as a sign of malnourishment and weakness. A diet lacking the nutrition of fresh foods but high in processed products can also lead to obesity and serious health conditions. Quality food is how we feel well.

It is also important to note that gardens were not created and tended only for the utilitarian purpose of providing sustenance. What of art and beauty and the appreciation of nature?

Clipart from http://www.clker.com/clipart-growing-trees.html

Modern Gardens: When Green Turns Gray

Modern gardening faces ethical issues of biotechnology, chemical applications, sustainability, and genetic modifications. Some argue that these steps are necessary to provide enough food for exponentially increasing populations or to grow food in less fertile climates and prevent famine. Others point to declining wildlife populations, lack of plant diversity, and questionable health effects as reasons to reevaluate food production methods.

In a 2011 article for The Seattle Times Pacific NW Magazine, writer and gardener Valerie Easton wrote,

“We do know we can no longer afford to garden as our parents and their parents did, when the water seemed to be endless and chemicals a scientific advancement. It’s time to update our understanding and our skills.”

Accomplishing this, especially in the city, will require creativity and innovation. It’s time to think outside the garden box. The French government, for example, made headlines recently with passage of a new, environmentally-focused law. Under this plan, all new commercial buildings must be built with a partial green roof or solar panels. A green roof is exactly as it sounds– a garden atop the building. The field was pioneered in Germany; Toronto, Canada has a similar law (although theirs also applies to residential properties as well), as does Switzerland. The benefits of a green roof include increased insulation, reduced runoff, air pollution filtering, decreased urban heat island effect, and more habitat spaces for our feathered friends.

Before I begin helping my parents with their gardens, start any of my own seedlings, or become involved in community gardens this year, I need to decide the factors most important to me. This is how I will make a connection with the earth, so it needs to be personal. Past experience has taught me that overly ambitious projects require more time and resources than I am prepared to offer. Organic, chemical-free methods have always been a priority. After living in the desert, I realized that mindful, environmentally sustainable practices (especially around water preservation and soil integrity) are another big part of what I want to accomplish. Perhaps also as a result of living in quite different climates, my mental radar has its sights on developing a better understanding of native, invasive, and ornamental plants. Of course, I can’t forget my animal friends, especially the bees, butterflies, and birds. I seek to live in harmony with nature as much as possible. The future is up to us– first we dream it, then we create it. The whole world is a garden. As cold as the weather may be outside, it has no hold over the fertile soil of the mind. Time to get planting.

Change, Like the Seasons, Comes and Goes

Hello and welcome! Warmest wishes and I hope everyone’s year has been off to a superb start, perhaps already with a little mud squished between your bare toes. Today’s post reveals big, slightly shocking news: I’m no longer living in Phoenix. 

 SAY WHAT, Garden Girl?!?! 

 It’s true. Jay and I packed up, sold our house, and relocated in the Autumn of last year. The time was ripe to leave the desert and return to our roots. I still close my eyes and think about my garden yard often. Who will look out for the different types of birds and bees who came to rely on my yard as a vital source for food, pollen, water, and shelter? Wondering about this became one of the most difficult aspects of leaving. I had to trust that the wild creatures of nature are resourceful and were never dependent on me, a mere human. 

One last look. Adiós, Phoenix.

One last look. Adiós, Phoenix.

You know what wasn’t difficult? Thinking of the seasons of the year. Gardening in Phoenix taught me perseverance and the importance of mindful watering practices. I had the opportunity to tend outdoor succulents year-round without worrying if temperatures would become too cold. I learned setting dates to correspond with seasons is not something which can be standardized nationwide. Sure, there are USDA hardiness zones, but what of Spring, Summer, Fall, and Winter? Those words have different context for Valley dwellers and cannot be held to traditional astronomical solstices and equinoxes. Prime planting season begins much earlier in the year, when most of the country is still buried beneath a blanket of snow. Low-desert gardening means harvesting begins before some parts of the country are starting to see fresh sprouts rise from the soil. When other gardens were lush and full, it became my turn to cast envious glances toward the sun-baked, dried brown stalks that had once been so alive and bountiful. To experience anything remotely resembling Fall and escape the September-October heat, a drive to higher elevations was the only remedy. 

Despite my best intentions, the harsh summers exhausted my will to begin a cool-season garden.

Thus, this brief account of bidding farewell to my Phoenix garden brings us up to date, except for the several questions remaining:

  • Where do I live now? (Milwaukee, WI)
  • Do I have another garden? (Yes!)
  • Will I continue this blog? (Of course!)
  • How much of my experience in the desert will translate to gardening in a new climate? (Good question. The USDA Hardiness Zone for Phoenix is 9b-10a, and Milwaukee seems to be 5b-6a. This categorization mainly pertains to winter survival, but also informs the planting schedule.)
  • What’s next? (Stay tuned– my wheels and sprockets have been turning and I have BIG plans for this year!)
  • With true Spring quickly approaching, I will be updating the page more regularly again. As always, the easiest way to grow along with my garden is to subscribe. It’s free and you can receive updates in your WordPress Reader or via e-mail. You can also find me on Instagram as @CuppaDirt. Thanks for reading!

    Gallery

    Say Hello to Aloe

    This gallery contains 7 photos.

    Throughout the last month, I bid farewell to much of the garden. The drought conditions and intense heat had me running from the outdoors as the garden quickly withered up. We parted on good terms. I learned quite a bit … Continue reading